Toluca de LerdoIn short Toluca is the capital of the state of Mexico in central Mexico, about 50 km west-southwest of Mexico City, at the foot of the Nevado de Toluca volcano. The peak of the volcano rises to 4,570 meters southwest of the city, while Toluca lies in a cool valley at an altitude of around 2,680 meters, making it one of the highest cities in North America.
Here we find the latest project from FPRO, an international architecture firm with offices in Madrid, Spain, under the direction of Fernando Rodríguez and Pablo Oriol.
San José Station is a new mixed-use infrastructure on the site of a car park serving the adjacent Rosuani office complex at the northern end of Avenida Juárez, the street that connects the historic center of Toluca with the university district in the south. The owner of the site wanted to maintain the parking spaces, but wanted to create them a multipurpose facility This could become a cultural and economic center for the neighborhood and the city in general, concentrating activities across the district and creating a new center of attraction at the local and metropolitan level.
According to the concept of the architects at FPRO and their client, the Estación San José should become a social condenser for the revitalization of the city center, overlapping a multitude of community programs: parking lots, offices and common areas, cultural institutions and retail spaces. All crowned by a publicly accessible roof park, which is soon to be planted and offers a spectacular view over Nevado de Toluca, a volcano that has been dormant for centuries, Mexico’s fourth highest mountain, which is very popular with hikers.
To host a extensive program of activitiesThe architects created a very flexible infrastructure for the Estación San José. The concrete structure, with its clean, meaningful geometry, is perfect for a variety of uses and goes well with its urban environment. Eight stories high, it rises well above the average height of the other buildings in the historic center of the city, but without optically dominating the surroundings. The structural frame of the building characterizes and unifies the complex, which is organized as a field of columns and supports a double row of slender beams. The parking spaces are located in the lower part of the building. The bulk of the architecture is set back on the third floor level where the architects introduce a balcony overlooking the street and Connection to the roof of the building next door. Sections and openings create diagonal relationships and vertical spaces within the building. A delicate, light metal skin covers the resulting volume, frames various views of the city and ensures that the building blends in with the city skyline.
FPRO’s Estación San José is a virtuous example of a creative reuse project The transforms A classic urban non-location in a usage structure for the local population without any significant impact on the environment. The most environmentally friendly building is the one that has not been built, and FPRO uses as much of the existing structure as possible and adapts it to its new function with great skill.
Project: FRPO – Rodriguez + Oriol
Location: Toluca, Mexico
Images: Luis Gallardo / LGM Studio