San Jose and San Francisco both lost residents in 2020 compared to 2019, but Oakland added residents according to the latest official US Census Bureau estimates.
The Bay Area also lost population in 2020 based on compiling the totals for the region’s nine counties, derived from the Census Bureau’s population estimates for the incumbents and other parishes in the country.
Here’s how the region’s three largest cities performed in 2020 compared to 2019, according to the Census Bureau:
– San Jose had a population of 1.01 million in 2020, a decrease of about 12,900 from the 1.03 million in 2019, a decrease of 1.3%.
– San Francisco had a population of 866,600 in 2020, 12,200 less than that city’s population of 878,800 in 2019, or a decrease of 1.4%.
Oakland had 424,900 residents in 2020, about 2,200 more than the 422,700 residents of the East Bay’s largest city in 2019, or a 0.5% increase.
Fremont, the fourth largest city in the Bay Area, had 234,600 residents in 2020, about 800 or 0.3% fewer than in 2019. Santa Rosa, the fifth largest city in the Bay Area, had 174,600 residents in 2020, 1,000 fewer or down 0 .6% year over year, according to the Census Bureau.
Of the 17 cities in the Bay Area with a population of 100,000 or more, 12 residents lost, four residents gained, and one had no population change.
Despite the 2020 population decline, San Jose remains the country’s tenth largest city, just ahead of Texas economic rivals Austin.
Austin, Texas added approximately 16,700 residents in 2020, or a 1.7% increase from 2019.
The population losses are occurring nationwide: California had an estimated 39.37 million residents in 2020, a decrease of 69,500 from 2019, or a decrease of 0.2%, according to the Census Bureau.
The population loss in the Bay Area and many of its cities, as well as in California, coincided with sweeping business closings ordered by the government to help combat the spread of the coronavirus.
In March and April 2020, the Bay Area was shocked at the loss of 638,600 jobs amid coronavirus-related closings.
However, from May 2020 to March 2021, the nine-county region regained only 238,400 of the jobs lost – a recovery of just 37% of the jobs lost.
California lost a staggering 2.71 million jobs in March and April 2020. From May 2020 to March 2021, the state recovered just 1.19 million jobs, which is a recovery rate of only 44% of the jobs lost.
Experts believe that some California and Bay Area residents may have left these regions into states like Texas and Florida, which could offer a more hospitable job market, cost of living, and business climate.